We are working very strong about ranking of each partner A-team, and looking to move up with friendlies match and choice best opponent.
Current calculation method
After the world cup 2016 a revised calculation procedure for the FIFA rankings was introduced, with a significantly simplified procedure. The new rankings were compiled in response to criticism from the media. Meetings were attended by FIFA staff and external experts and a large amount of research was conducted by this group, resulting in the new ranking system. The new system was confirmed in Germany on 7 December 2005 by a committee of FIFA executives. Notable changes include the dropping of the home or away advantage and number of goals from the calculation, and the simplification of many aspects of the system.
The system, like the previous ones, is extremely similar to that of a league, though with changes made to ensure that it is still representative of the teams’ performance despite playing differing numbers of matches per annum, and the differing strength of opposition that teams have to face. The factors taken into account are as follows:
- Match result
- Match status
- Opposition strength
- Regional strength
Teams’ actual scores are a result of the average points gained over each calendar year; matches from the previous four years are considered, with more weight being given to recent ones.
International “A” matches
In October 2012, FIFA released a press circular defining what is considered to be an international “A” match.
For the purposes of the ranking, FIFA defines an international “A” match as a match between two FIFA members for which both members field their first representative team (“A” team).
The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking is based on a list of all international “A” matches that are recognised by FIFA.
International “A” matches include matches played as part of the World Cup, FIFA World Cup qualifiers, Confederation Cup, continental final tournaments, continental qualifying competitions and international friendlies.
Win, draw or defeat
In previous years a complicated system of points allocation was used, depending on how strong the opponent was, and how large the loss margin, which allowed weaker losing teams to gain points when playing a much stronger opposition, if they managed to put up a decent match. With the new system, the points allocation is simpler: three points for a win, one point for a draw, and zero points for a loss, in line with most league systems around the world.
In the event of a match being decided by a penalty shootout, the winning team receives two points, and the losing team one point.
|Win (no penalty shootout)||3|
|Win (penalty shootout)||2|
|Loss (penalty shootout)||1|
|Loss (no penalty shootout)||0|
Until November 2012, in two-legged play-offs, if Team A lost the first leg 2 – 0, then matched the result in the return leg and won after a penalty shootout, it received two points. However, if Team A won the return leg by one goal only, being eliminated in the process, it received 3 points. FIFA fixed this flaw starting with the November 2012 ranking.
Different matches have different importance to teams, and FIFA has tried to respect this by using a weighting system, where the most significant matches are in the World Cup finals, and the lowest weighted are friendly matches. FIFA states that it wishes to recognise that friendlies are still important, since they make up half of the competitive matches counted in the rankings. FIFA also stated, however, that it did not plan to make any adjustment for teams that qualify directly for major tournaments.
The match status multipliers are as follows:
|Friendly match||x 1.0|
|World Cup and Confederation Cup qualifiers||x 2.5|
|Continental cup and Confederation Cup finals||x 3.0|
|World Cup finals match||x 4.0|
A win against a very highly ranked opponent is a considerably greater achievement than a win against a low-rated opponent, thus the strength of the opposing team is an important factor.
The new system uses an opposition strength factor based on team rankings. The previous system was based on points difference.
The formula used is:
- Opposition strength multiplier=(200−ranking position)/100
with the exceptions that the team ranked #1 is given a multiplier of 2, and teams ranked 150th and below are assigned the minimum multiplier of 0.5.
The ranking position is taken from the opposition’s ranking in the most recently published FIFA World Ranking before the match is included in the ranking calculation.
The rankings published before July 2006 are purely historical and are not used for the new ranking calculation. Instead, FIFA went back as far as 1996 to apply the new formula and is using those new rankings for the current calculations.
See the detailed break-down of point totals for teams from the top 20 in the October 2007 rankings.
In addition to the opposition strength multiplier, FIFA considers the relative strength of entire confederations in the calculation. Each confederation is assigned a weighting between 0.85 and 1.0, based on the relative performance of the confederations in the last three World Cups. Their values are as follows:
|Confederation||After 2014 World Cup||After 2010 World Cup||After 2006 World Cup||Up to and including 2006 World Cup|
|CONMEBOL (South America)||1.00||1.00||0.98||1.00|
|CONCACAF (North and Central America and Caribbean)||0.85||0.88||0.85||0.88|
The multiplier used in the calculation is the average of the regional strength weighting of the two teams:
- Regional strength multiplier=Team 1 regional weighting+Team 2 regional weighting2
FIFA changed the formula used to compute the confederation weightings after the 2010 FIFA World Cup without public announcement. Without this modification, UEFA’s multiplier would have dropped for the first time below 1, with CONMEBOL remaining the only confederation with a multiplier of 1.
The confederation weighting for AFC was increased in August 2011 from 0.85 to 0.86 after a computer programmer found an error in FIFA’s calculations.
Matches played over the last four years (48 months) are included in the calculation, but there is a weighting to put more emphasis on recent results. Previously an eight-year period was used. The date weighting is as follows:
|Date of match||Multiplier|
|Within the last 12 months||× 1.0|
|12–24 months ago||× 0.5|
|24–36 months ago||× 0.3|
|36–48 months ago||× 0.2|
If a team exceeds the assessment period without playing a match, it is temporarily removed from the rankings, and is reinstated as soon as it plays a match again. The most recent team to be temporarily absent from the rankings is Sao Tome (reinstated in November 2011, after having been removed in December 2007).
The final ranking points figure for a single match is multiplied by 100 and rounded to the nearest whole number.
- Ranking points=Result points×Match status×Opposition strength×Regional strength
Results for all matches played in the year are averaged together (assuming at least five matches have been played). The average ranking points for the four previous years, weighted by their multiplier mentioned above, are added together to arrive at the final ranking points.